Get Smarty


Donate Bitcoin Bitcoin

Smarty Icon

You may use the Smarty logo according to the trademark notice.

Smarty Template Engine Smarty Template Engine

For sponsorship, advertising, news or other inquiries, contact us at:

Sites Using Smarty

Buy cheap glasses from and save up to 80%.

Where to buy dental loupes? is your best choice!

Where to buy discount wedding dresses and cheap smart dresses free shipping -

Find cheap Wedding Dresses from italy, by

Find Wedding Dresses Online at Canada from

Enjoy wholesale price for small orders in Welbuy

Wholesale Fashion Jewelry from wholesalers



appendByRef() — append values by reference


void appendByRef(string varname,
                 mixed var,
                 bool merge);

This is used to append() values to the templates by reference.

Technical Note

With the introduction of PHP5, appendByRef() is not necessary for most intents and purposes. appendByRef() is useful if you want a PHP array index value to be affected by its reassignment from a template. Assigned object properties behave this way by default.

Technical Note

The merge parameter respects array keys, so if you merge two numerically indexed arrays, they may overwrite each other or result in non-sequential keys. This is unlike the PHP array_merge() function which wipes out numerical keys and renumbers them.

Example 14.5. appendByRef

// appending name/value pairs
$smarty->appendByRef('Name', $myname);
$smarty->appendByRef('Address', $address);


See also append(), assign() and getTemplateVars().

No comments for this page.
Post a Comment
All comments are moderated. Support questions are ignored, use the forums instead.
Email: (not shown)
What is 8 plus 20? (Are you human?)