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append() — append an element to an assigned array


void append(mixed var);
void append(string varname,
            mixed var,
            bool merge);

If you append to a string value, it is converted to an array value and then appended to. You can explicitly pass name/value pairs, or associative arrays containing the name/value pairs. If you pass the optional third parameter of TRUE, the value will be merged with the current array instead of appended.

Technical Note

The merge parameter respects array keys, so if you merge two numerically indexed arrays, they may overwrite each other or result in non-sequential keys. This is unlike the PHP array_merge() function which wipes out numerical keys and renumbers them.

Example 14.4. append

// This is effectively the same as assign()
$smarty->append('foo', 'Fred');
// After this line, foo will now be seen as an array in the template
$smarty->append('foo', 'Albert');

$array = array(1 => 'one', 2 => 'two');
$smarty->append('X', $array);
$array2 = array(3 => 'three', 4 => 'four');
// The following line will add a second element to the X array
$smarty->append('X', $array2);

// passing an associative array
$smarty->append(array('city' => 'Lincoln', 'state' => 'Nebraska'));


See also appendByRef(), assign() and getTemplateVars()

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