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{html_options} is a custom function that creates the html <select><option> group with the assigned data. It takes care of which item(s) are selected by default as well.

Attribute Name Type Required Default Description
values array Yes, unless using options attribute n/a An array of values for dropdown
output array Yes, unless using options attribute n/a An array of output for dropdown
selected string/array No empty The selected option element(s)
options associative array Yes, unless using values and output n/a An associative array of values and output
name string No empty Name of select group
  • Required attributes are values and output, unless you use the combined options instead.

  • If the optional name attribute is given, the <select></select> tags are created, otherwise ONLY the <option> list is generated.

  • If a given value is an array, it will treat it as an html <optgroup>, and display the groups. Recursion is supported with <optgroup>.

  • All parameters that are not in the list above are printed as name/value-pairs inside the <select> tag. They are ignored if the optional name is not given.

  • All output is XHTML compliant.

Example 8.12. Associative array with the options attribute

$smarty->assign('myOptions', array(
                                1800 => 'Joe Schmoe',
                                9904 => 'Jack Smith',
                                2003 => 'Charlie Brown')
$smarty->assign('mySelect', 9904);


The following template will generate a drop-down list. Note the presence of the name attribute which creates the <select> tags.

{html_options name=foo options=$myOptions selected=$mySelect}


Output of the above example would be:

<select name="foo">
<option label="Joe Schmoe" value="1800">Joe Schmoe</option>
<option label="Jack Smith" value="9904" selected="selected">Jack Smith</option>
<option label="Charlie Brown" value="2003">Charlie Brown</option>

Example 8.13. Dropdown with seperate arrays for values and ouptut

$smarty->assign('cust_ids', array(56,92,13));
$smarty->assign('cust_names', array(
                              'Joe Schmoe',
                              'Jane Johnson',
                              'Charlie Brown'));
$smarty->assign('customer_id', 92);


The above arrays would be output with the following template (note the use of the php count() function as a modifier to set the select size).

<select name="customer_id" size="{$cust_names|@count}">
   {html_options values=$cust_ids output=$cust_names selected=$customer_id}


The above example would output:

<select name="customer_id" size="3">
    <option label="Joe Schmoe" value="56">Joe Schmoe</option>
    <option label="Jack Smith" value="92" selected="selected">Jane Johnson</option>
    <option label="Charlie Brown" value="13">Charlie Brown</option>


Example 8.14. Database example (eg ADODB or PEAR)


$sql = 'select type_id, types from contact_types order by type';

$sql = 'select contact_id, name, email, contact_type_id
        from contacts where contact_id='.$contact_id;


Where a template could be as follows. Note the use of the truncate modifier.

<select name="type_id">
    <option value='null'>-- none --</option>
    {html_options options=$contact_types|truncate:20 selected=$contact.type_id}


Example 8.15. Dropdown's with <optgroup>

$arr['Sport'] = array(6 => 'Golf', 9 => 'Cricket',7 => 'Swim');
$arr['Rest']  = array(3 => 'Sauna',1 => 'Massage');
$smarty->assign('lookups', $arr);
$smarty->assign('fav', 7);


The script above and the following template

{html_options name=foo options=$lookups selected=$fav}


would output:

<select name="foo">
<optgroup label="Sport">
<option label="Golf" value="6">Golf</option>
<option label="Cricket" value="9">Cricket</option>
<option label="Swim" value="7" selected="selected">Swim</option>
<optgroup label="Rest">
<option label="Sauna" value="3">Sauna</option>
<option label="Massage" value="1">Massage</option>

See also {html_checkboxes} and {html_radios}

by Gogowitsch on Apr 15, 2012 at 7:13
Example 8.13 will not render as expected on Firefox 11 (invalid HTML), as {html_options} will create another <select> within the outer.
by Lajos Pirk on Dec 18, 2011 at 3:52
Hello, Is that possible to make this function work with multiple select option? I mean, theoretically i can pass an array in the selected parameter, but if i do, the function makes nothing to selected in the result. :(


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